Tag Archives: Renal System

The Kidney Disease Diet And The Dangers Of Phosphorus

The human body is an amazing system of organs working in harmony with one another, and one of the functions of the kidneys is to help balance the level of dietary phosphates in the body. Excess phosphate or phosphorus is filtered through the kidneys and will leave the body through the urine when the kidneys are functioning effectively. However when kidney disease is present or when kidney function declines, high levels of phosphorus can remain in the body.

A condition known as hyperphosphatemia indicates that there is an abnormally high level of phosphorus in the body. This condition will most often be found in individuals who are experiencing renal insufficiency. These individuals must limit their intake of phosphorus rich foods in order to help reduce the strain on the kidneys. If reducing phosphorus rich foods in the kidney disease diet does not reduce the amount of phosphate in the blood, an oral phosphate binder can be given to help reduce absorption of phosphorus by the body.

The function of phosphorus in the body is to assist in the development of bones and teeth. An excess amount of phosphorus in the body of a healthy individual is not often seen. Individuals that are afflicted with kidney disease are most often the individuals this condition is seen in. In order to maintain a balance that does not adversely strain the renal system, diet is closely monitored to prevent excess levels of phosphorus in the blood stream.

Kidney Disease Diet Foods To Avoid

Foods that contain high phosphorus include; milk products, meats, chocolate, cola drinks, eggs, beer, nuts and legumes. It is also noted by healthcare providers that preparations in the form of laxatives, purging liquids and some supplements may also contain high levels of phosphorus.

Whole body wellness is obtained when the body functions just as it was designed to. When optimal function does not occur, dietary and lifestyle indiscretions must be consider, and appropriate changes need to be made.  The most appropriate solution to acquiring the proper level of phosphorus is to address the underlying reason that the kidneys cannot process and filter enough of the phosphorus into the urine to keep the body healthy. Once the medical reason for high phosphorus is discovered, the road to recovery is always best started with a low phosphorus kidney disease diet.

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Fluid Requirements For A Kidney Disease Diet

Kidneys that function in a healthy manner are able to maintain the balance of fluid in the body. Unhealthy kidneys however, cannot handle the volume of fluid most individuals will consume in the course of twenty-four hours. It is well noted by the medical community that excessive dietary levels of fluid in the body leads to high blood pressure, which contributes to heart disease as well as kidney disease.

When the fluid content of the body can no longer remain balanced, the excess fluid causes swelling in the body. This swelling is often first seen in the lower extremities may spread upwards over time, or otherwise swelling may be generalised. If left untreated, this fluid will cause the life threatening condition known as pulmonary oedema. As kidney disease advances, the renal system becomes unstable and not able to flush fluids out as urine. This is when restricting fluid intake becomes vital for the kidney patient.

It is difficult to restrict fluid intake because many foods that we eat and certainly everything we drink adds to the fluid levels in the body. Hydration is necessary to maintain a level balance in the healthy body, but this same course of hydration can be extremely dangerous to a patient suffering renal failure or other kidney disorders.

The more able the kidneys are to flush out fluids, the more fluid intake an individual with kidney problems can ingest. Most healthy individuals should ingest at least 1.5- 2 litres of water per day. Those with kidney stones should drink even more to help facilitate the body’s efforts to eliminate the stone or stones, as well as prevent new stone formation.

Whole body wellness depends on balancing diet, fluid intake and exercise in order for our organs to function effectively. Eating foods high in water content and drinking soft drink, alcohol or excessive amounts of water will upset this balance, and even more so in individuals afflicted with kidney disorders. Follow the advice of your healthcare practitioner in regard to your appropriate daily water intake, to avoid overburdening an already ailing kidney function. Remembering to avoid salty foods, prepared foods and foods high in saturated fats in order to help reduce the strain on the kidneys.

Kidney patients are often advised to drink (in water) the total urine output for 24 hours, plus another 600mls (just over half a quart). This will enable each patient to know just how much fluid and water consumption their body can handle the following day. For instance, if your total output of urine was 800mls for 24 hours, you would add another 600mls to get your total fluid intake of 1400mls (1 ½ Quarts) – this seems to be the best rule of thumb fluid measurement for all. Careful monitoring of the daily output of urine as the indicator of a safe level of fluid intake is a good rule of thumb to follow for the kidney patient; put back in what comes out. I hope those tips enable you to manage your kidney disease diet with ease!

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