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Fluid Requirements For A Kidney Disease Diet

Kidneys that function in a healthy manner are able to maintain the balance of fluid in the body. Unhealthy kidneys however, cannot handle the volume of fluid most individuals will consume in the course of twenty-four hours. It is well noted by the medical community that excessive dietary levels of fluid in the body leads to high blood pressure, which contributes to heart disease as well as kidney disease.

When the fluid content of the body can no longer remain balanced, the excess fluid causes swelling in the body. This swelling is often first seen in the lower extremities may spread upwards over time, or otherwise swelling may be generalised. If left untreated, this fluid will cause the life threatening condition known as pulmonary oedema. As kidney disease advances, the renal system becomes unstable and not able to flush fluids out as urine. This is when restricting fluid intake becomes vital for the kidney patient.

It is difficult to restrict fluid intake because many foods that we eat and certainly everything we drink adds to the fluid levels in the body. Hydration is necessary to maintain a level balance in the healthy body, but this same course of hydration can be extremely dangerous to a patient suffering renal failure or other kidney disorders.

The more able the kidneys are to flush out fluids, the more fluid intake an individual with kidney problems can ingest. Most healthy individuals should ingest at least 1.5- 2 litres of water per day. Those with kidney stones should drink even more to help facilitate the body’s efforts to eliminate the stone or stones, as well as prevent new stone formation.

Whole body wellness depends on balancing diet, fluid intake and exercise in order for our organs to function effectively. Eating foods high in water content and drinking soft drink, alcohol or excessive amounts of water will upset this balance, and even more so in individuals afflicted with kidney disorders. Follow the advice of your healthcare practitioner in regard to your appropriate daily water intake, to avoid overburdening an already ailing kidney function. Remembering to avoid salty foods, prepared foods and foods high in saturated fats in order to help reduce the strain on the kidneys.

Kidney patients are often advised to drink (in water) the total urine output for 24 hours, plus another 600mls (just over half a quart). This will enable each patient to know just how much fluid and water consumption their body can handle the following day. For instance, if your total output of urine was 800mls for 24 hours, you would add another 600mls to get your total fluid intake of 1400mls (1 ½ Quarts) – this seems to be the best rule of thumb fluid measurement for all. Careful monitoring of the daily output of urine as the indicator of a safe level of fluid intake is a good rule of thumb to follow for the kidney patient; put back in what comes out. I hope those tips enable you to manage your kidney disease diet with ease!

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Protein Requirements In A Kidney Disease Diet

A well balanced kidney disease diet is critical when one want to take the pressure off the kidneys, and protein is definitely a key component. The human body requires nine essential amino acids to stay healthy; especially for a kidney disease diet. A food is a complete protein only when it contains all of the amino acids in the group of nine essential amino acids. In this case the term essential, refers to the fact that the body is not able to synthesize the protein, so it must therefore be consumed in the diet.

Protein foods from animals are eggs, meats, fish and other seafood, poultry, cheese, and milk. Certain soy products contain the nine amino acids as well. High biological value proteins are the complete protein foods, while plant proteins are low biological value proteins as they are not considered complete proteins. Even though plant proteins are not complete proteins, they should still be included in the diet. These foods include grain, legumes, seeds, tofu, tempeh and nuts, and if combined correctly they can supply us with complete protein.

Eating foods that contain protein is essential for many aspects of human functioning. Proteins repair damaged tissue, help with chemical signaling of messages between cells, create antibodies and enzymes and assist in balancing the acid base in our bodies along with the fluid levels and electrolytes.

Protein makes up nearly fifty percent of the human body. If our bodies do not get enough protein injuries will not heal, bleeding will not stop and the body will not be able to fight infections. Whole body wellness requires we consume 40 to 65 grams of protein each day. However this can vary greatly and depends upon a person’s body size and their level of activity.

Protein has proven to be a tricky question in the treatment of kidney disease and levels must always be assessed as part of a kidney disease diet. Even though protein is necessary in the diet, too much harms the kidneys and leads to serious complications. Patients suffering kidney disease are often required to limit their intake of proteins, and this may be an issue that you need to discuss with your doctor. Individuals that are trying to bring their bodies to a state of whole body wellness need to be mindful of how much and what types of protein they are ingesting in order to keep all of their vital organs in good health, including their kidneys.

Protein in the diet is utilized by the body and the remaining waste products are eliminated via the kidneys by filtering the waste into the urine. Healthy kidneys are able to process very large amounts of protein, but kidneys that are ailing have a difficult time processing the same amount of protein.

When unhealthy kidneys are unable to process all of the protein that is consumed, the waste products will build up in the blood. As the kidneys continue to decline, the buildup creates a situation that is known as proteinuria. The kidneys are one of the essential organs responsible for purging the body of waste and over time, when the kidneys don’t function properly an individual can end up with toxic buildup of wastes.

Foods such as milk and meat are high in saturated fat and cholesterol. There are more heart and kidney friendly protein choices that include fish, lean skinless poultry, tofu, organic eggs and soy products. The amount of protein that you should consume if you have kidney damage will differ to that which was required when your kidneys were functioning effectively. If you are undergoing dialysis then your daily requirements will differ again. Body size and level of physical activity will determine how much protein an individual should consume to enable the body to support the kidneys and whole body wellness. The best option would be to speak to your doctor or health professional to assess the exact amount of protein that is appropriate for you, and have them devise the best possible kidney disease diet.

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